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Application Direct URLs

22:29 PM Learn | Basic Setup | Templates | Server Security | Direct URLs | URL Domains

An application direct URL provides a direct mapping from a URL to a Tcl procedure defined inside the server. The /hello URL is an example. Look at the custom/hello.tcl to see how it is implemented.

The first step in creating application direct URLs is to define a mapping from a URL prefix (e.g., /hello) to a Tcl command prefix (e.g., ::hello::).

Direct_Url /hello ::hello::
Now, define a Tcl procedure who's name starts with ::hello:: (this puts it into the ::hello namespace).
namespace eval ::hello {
  # ensure ::hello namespace exists
}
proc ::hello::/world {} {
  return "Hello, World!"
}
This defines an implementation of the /hello/world URL that will print a simple message in the user's browser.

The correspondence between the URL and Tcl procedure name is made with an exact substitution of /hello with ::hello::. Only if that Tcl procedure exists will a page be returned, otherwise you get a 404 Not Found error. You can pass arguments to your URLs with CGI query data. The direct URL implementation maps query values to the corresponding Tcl procedure arguments. For example, if your procedure has an argument named "foo", then query data from a form with an element named "foo" will be bound to that argument.

Suppose you have this simple form:

<form action=/hello/formhandler method=POST>
<input type=text name=foo>
<input type=submit>
</form>
You can define a form handler like this:
proc ::hello::/formhandler {foo} {
  return "You entered foo=$foo"
}
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